What is PCOS?
PCOS, or we also call it polycystic ovary syndrome, is a hormonal change condition in women throughout their childbirth years where women’s reproductive system produces extra levels of (androgens) male hormones. Sometimes it affects women’s menstrual cycle. Dr. Ruchi Bhandari (Infertility specialist) from one of the specialized IVF center in Jaipur says that this condition can affect women’s potential of birth-giving to the child.
Some signs of PCOS –
- In some women, doctors have found that it prevents women’s period & In some cases, periods are unpredictable.
- It can cause acne & unwanted hairs on the face.
- Sometimes it may also develop more health issues and risks like high Blood pressure, migraine, or Diabetes.
- Balding of hair.
- Insulin resistance in the body.
There are treatments and medications you could also get pregnant successfully while treating PCOS. You may need some advised medicines from your doctor to encourage the chances of successful fertility.
Common symptoms of PCOS –
The utmost symptoms related to PCOS are – hair loss, excess hair in unwanted parts(like ears, face) or ance could happen, or irregular & missed periods from their menstrual cycle.
Some other symptoms are –
- Skin darkening or collection of extra skin in your chin or neck.
- Mood Swings
- Genital pain
- Increase in body weight
What causes PCOS?
Doctors have found In females that it happens because of the production of high insulin in their body. Because of that, women’s ovaries impact the capacity to release eggs or the potential of becoming pregnant. If any of their blood members like – Mother or sister have related problems, it has chances to pass down.
Moreover, Doctors, till now, don’t know all the reasons behind it and the exact chances of success in it.
How to Identify PCOS –
First of all, let me tell you that there is no such specific test for diagnosing PCOS. So, the doctor will ask you about your previous medication history and record of prior treatment. After that doctor physically examines you. It can be a pelvic assessment.
Moreover, they also may take samples of your blood for the blood test to know the count of your hormone, hemoglobin, sugar, or blood pressure level reports.
In some cases, they also prefer to perform an ultrasound for the exact know-how inside female ovaries to look out for any tumors and evaluate the lining of women’s uterus.
Treatment of PCOS –
The treatment starts after diagnosis when the doctor knows the exact symptoms, your age & in case you want to become pregnant. According to that, your doctor does all the treatments and the medication. And if you are overweight, reducing weight up to 5-10% would be most beneficial in increasing chances of fertility and medication procedures. Also, it will make you feel lighter than before.
And suppose you’re having any diabetic health issues. In that case, your doctor may provide you diabetes drug called (Glucophage) to reduce insulin resistance, maintain ovulation, and help you with your weight loss journey.
If you’re not sure about your pregnancy, and you’re not planning your pregnancy, then the doctor will advise you on some hormonal birth-related pills & a skin patch or any other tablet.
All these medicines will help reduce the risk of endometrial cancer and get your periods on regular time or any skin ance & hair related problems.
If any women with PCOS wish to become fertile, fertility medicines can help them release eggs from their ovaries.
PCOS and infertility –
Any woman with PCOS may find it hard to get pregnant. It occurs because of the overproduction of male hormones, which stops women’s bodies from releasing eggs from the body (ovulation process).
Some tips to increase the chances of pregnancy are –
- By being physically fit — If you’re overweight, reducing weight up to (5-10%) will increase the chances of pregnancy.
- Healthy food eating habits like – Fruits, Leafy Vegetables, less oily food.
- Exercise Like – Cardio, running, jogging, yoga.
After trying these, if you don’t see any favorable outcome, you have to see your doctor for further fertility tests, prescriptions, and medications to help ovulation.
In some rare conditions, any of these won’t work for you. Then your doctor might suggest you go for a bit of surgery, in which they will remove the small number of tissues that create extra male hormones inside ovaries.
When to see a doctor?
If any person feels any symptoms related to PCOS, they shouldn’t have to wait or hesitate to see their doctor. They are the best preferred option. Please talk about your physical problems with them without any second thought in mind because they will give a solution for the problem.
It would be beneficial to you if you handle such concerns as a mature person. And always keep in mind that you have to follow the exact path your doctor shows to get well fast. However, Try to meet your doctor once in a while. Make sure you always attend scheduled meetings with your doctor for timely checkups and tests.
Women with PCOS should see a doctor first and get all the tests done to know the exact stage of their condition. And after diagnosis, they have to take proper guidance, medication, and diet prescribed by the doctor.